When working with Julia, it is common to encounter situations where we need to discard certain elements of a function’s output. This can be done in several ways, depending on the specific requirements of the problem at hand. In this article, we will explore three different approaches to solve this problem.

## Option 1: Using an underscore (_) as a placeholder

One simple way to discard elements of a function’s output is to use an underscore (_) as a placeholder. This is a convention in Julia to indicate that a particular value is not needed or will not be used. Let’s consider an example:

```
function calculate_values()
# Some calculations
return x, y, z
end
_, _, z = calculate_values()
```

In this example, the function `calculate_values()`

returns three values, but we are only interested in the third one. By using the underscore (_) as a placeholder for the first two values, we indicate that we do not need them. This approach is simple and concise, but it may not be the most readable option, especially if there are multiple values to discard.

## Option 2: Using the discard function

Another approach is to use the `discard()`

function, which is specifically designed for discarding elements of a function’s output. This function takes any number of arguments and simply discards them. Here’s how it can be used:

```
function calculate_values()
# Some calculations
return x, y, z
end
discard(calculate_values())
_, _, z = calculate_values()
```

In this example, we first call the `calculate_values()`

function and pass its output to the `discard()`

function. This effectively discards all the values returned by the function. Then, we assign the third value to the variable `z`

. This approach is more explicit and readable than using the underscore (_) as a placeholder, especially when there are multiple values to discard.

## Option 3: Using indexing

A third option is to use indexing to access only the desired element of the function’s output. This can be done by enclosing the function call in square brackets and specifying the index of the desired element. Here’s an example:

```
function calculate_values()
# Some calculations
return x, y, z
end
z = calculate_values()[3]
```

In this example, we directly access the third element of the function’s output by using indexing. This approach is concise and readable, especially when there is only one value to discard. However, it may not be the most efficient option if the function’s output is large or if there are multiple values to discard.

After considering these three options, it is clear that the best approach depends on the specific requirements of the problem at hand. If there are only a few values to discard and readability is not a concern, using the underscore (_) as a placeholder may be the simplest option. However, if there are multiple values to discard or if readability is important, using the `discard()`

function or indexing may be more appropriate. Ultimately, the choice between these options should be based on the specific context and requirements of the problem.